Understanding EOIR Automated Case Status Updates

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EOIR Automated Case Status

EOIR Automated Case Status : You’ve been checking those immigration case status updates constantly and feeling frustrated. I get it. The automated system seems cryptic when you just want a clear timeline. Take a deep breath and grab a snack, my friend. I’m going to walk you through deciphering those EOIR status updates so you know what’s happening and when. In about 10 minutes, you’ll understand the method to the madness of coding and have confidence navigating that automated phone maze. Let’s dive in and make sense of it together on this wild immigration system ride.

What Is the EOIR Automated Case Status System?

What Is the EOIR Automated Case Status System?

The EOIR Automated Case Status System allows you to check the status of your case before the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) online. Rather than calling the immigration court or waiting for updates in the mail, you can view the latest information about your case on the EOIR website.

The automated system provides status updates at key points as your case moves through the court process. For example, you’ll receive notifications when:

  • Your case is received and put on the court’s docket
  • A hearing is scheduled
  • A decision is made by an immigration judge
  • Your case is appealed to the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)

Being able to access these status updates online means you can stay informed about your case and be prepared for any upcoming hearings or deadlines. The system uses the Alien number (“A-number”) or EOIR ID number associated with your case to provide personalized status information.

How Do I Access My Case Status?

To check your case status, visit the EOIR website and click “Check Case Status.” You will need to enter either your A-number or EOIR ID number along with your last name. Both numbers can be found on notices you have received from the immigration court regarding your case.

Once you enter this information, you will see the latest status update for your case, including any upcoming hearing dates. The system is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. So you can check for updates at your convenience.

While the EOIR Automated Case Status System provides a quick way to get information about your immigration case without calling the court, it does not replace communicating directly with the court if needed. You should still follow any instructions on hearing notices sent to you and contact the court right away if you have any questions or need to reschedule an upcoming hearing date.

Using the EOIR Automated Case Status System, along with properly responding to communication from the immigration court, will help ensure your case progresses as smoothly as possible through the legal process. Staying on top of the status of your case is one of the best ways to prepare and avoid potential issues down the line.

How to Check Your Immigration Case Status Online

To check on the status of your immigration case through the EOIR automated case status system, you’ll first need to provide some basic information to access your case details.

Know Your Case Details

Make sure you have your alien registration number (A-number), which is the number assigned to you by the Department of Homeland Security. You’ll also need the receipt number for your application or petition. These numbers, along with your last name, date of birth and country of origin, will allow you to access information about your specific immigration case.

Visit the EOIR Website

Go to the Executive Office for Immigration Review’s (EOIR) website at https://www.justice.gov/eoir/. Under the ‘Automated Case Information’ header, select ‘Check Immigration Case Status’. This will take you to the case status check page.

Enter Your Information

On the EOIR case status check page, enter the required details about yourself and your case. This includes your A-number, last name, date of birth, receipt number and country of origin. Double check that all information is correct before submitting.

View Your Case Status

After submitting your information, your case status results will be displayed. This will show details like your next hearing date, the current status or stage of your case, the immigration court handling your case and the judge assigned. It may also provide information on how to request an earlier or later hearing date if needed.

Checking your case status regularly is important to stay up to date on your immigration proceedings. Be sure to note any deadlines or documentation requests and submit requested evidence as soon as possible. The case status system is automated and available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week for your convenience. If you have additional questions about your case that aren’t addressed in the online status, you may contact the immigration court directly.

Understanding the Different EOIR Case Status Codes

Understanding the Different EOIR Case Status Codes

When you check your case status on the EOIR Case Status Information website, you’ll see a two-letter code indicating where in the immigration court process your case currently stands. Understanding what each code means will help you know what to expect next in your case.

Initial Processing (IP)

Your case has been received by the immigration court and is still being processed. The court is reviewing your file, forms, and documents to make sure everything is complete before scheduling your first hearing. This typically takes 4 to 6 weeks.

Pending (PD)

Your case is awaiting a hearing to be scheduled. The immigration judge has not yet set a date for your first master calendar hearing. This could be due to a backlog in the court’s docket or because your file is still undergoing initial review. Unfortunately, there is no way to know exactly when your hearing may be scheduled during this status.

Hearing Scheduled (HS)

A master calendar hearing has been set for your case. The date, time, and location of your hearing will be mailed to you at the address you provided to the court. Be sure to attend this hearing, as failure to appear could result in your case being dismissed or you being ordered removed in absentia.

Hearing Held (HH)

A hearing, either master calendar or individual, has been held for your case. The immigration judge will issue an oral decision at the hearing or may take the matter under advisement, in which case a written decision will be mailed to you.

Decision (DC)

The immigration judge has rendered an oral decision in your case or mailed you a written decision. The decision will grant your application, terminate proceedings, or order you removed from the United States. You may be eligible to appeal an unfavorable decision to the Board of Immigration Appeals.

Understanding these EOIR case status codes and what they signify at each step in the court process can help reduce anxiety and allow you to know what you need to do to pursue your immigration case. Be sure to check your case status regularly online or call the court’s automated hotline for the latest updates.

What to Do if Your Case Status Hasn’t Updated

Sometimes automated EOIR case status updates can be delayed or experience technical issues. If you haven’t received an expected update for your immigration court case status, don’t panic. Here are some steps you can take:

  • Double check that your case details like receipt number, A-number, name, and hearing date are entered correctly on the EOIR automated system website. Small errors can prevent the system from finding your case details to provide an update.
  • Wait a few business days in case there are any temporary technical issues with the EOIR automated update system. The courts may be experiencing network outages or software updates that are causing delays. The updates are typically provided within 1 to 3 business days after a hearing.
  • Contact your immigration attorney or representative and ask them to check with the court for an update on your case status. They may be able to obtain information directly from the judge’s chambers or court administrators to determine if there were any issues with your hearing or next steps.
  • Contact the immigration court directly to request information on your case status if you do not have an attorney. You will need to provide details like your name, A-number, receipt number, and hearing date. The court may be able to look up your case details manually and provide an update on what happened at your latest hearing and next steps.
  • File an official records request to obtain the minutes, recordings or transcripts from your latest hearing. While the request process can take several weeks, it will provide you the details you need about what transpired at your hearing and what to expect for next steps in your immigration proceedings.

By following up proactively and exploring multiple channels to obtain information about your immigration court case status, you can get the answers and clarity you need. The courts aim to provide automated updates as promptly as possible, but technology does not always cooperate. With some patience and persistence, you can get a status update for your case.

Frequently Asked Questions About EOIR Automated Case Status

The EOIR Automated Case Status hotline provides updates on the status of immigration cases before the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR). However, you may still have some questions about how it works. Here are some of the common questions and answers:

  • How do I access my case status information? You can call the EOIR Automated Case Status hotline at 1-800-898-7180, then enter your Alien Registration Number or Receipt Number. The system will provide information such as your next hearing date, time and location.
  • What languages are available?
    The hotline offers information in English and Spanish. Other languages may be added in the future based on customer feedback and demand.
  • How often is the information updated?
    Case status information is updated daily by EOIR staff as actions are taken or hearings are scheduled in your case. However, there may be a short delay of a day or two for the latest updates to be reflected in the automated hotline. It’s best to call the hotline at least 2 to 3 business days after you receive any official notice from EOIR for the most up-to-date details.
  • What details will the hotline provide about my case?
    The EOIR Automated Case Status hotline will provide information such as:
  • Your next master calendar or merits hearing date, time and location
  • The status of any pending motions or applications in your case
  • If your case has been appealed to the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)
  • Basic details about your immigration judge and if there have been any changes
  • Any deadlines you need to be aware of to file documents or submit evidence

The hotline aims to provide key case status updates to keep you informed about important events in your immigration proceedings before EOIR. However, for legal advice or specific questions, you should contact your attorney or legal representative.

Tips for Getting the Most From the EOIR Case Status System

Tips for Getting the Most From the EOIR Case Status System

The EOIR Case Status system allows you to check the status of your immigration case before the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR). However, to make the most of this online tool, here are some helpful tips:

Check Your Case Status Regularly

Don’t just check your case status once and assume there will be no updates for months. The EOIR system is updated continuously, so new information about your case could be added at any time. Check back at least once a week, or more often as your hearing date approaches.

Look for Specific Updates

Don’t just glance at the case status and assume there’s no new information. Look for updates like:

  • Hearing notices (date, time, location)
  • Evidence or motions added to your case file
  • Decision issued by the immigration judge
  • Appeal filed or decision made by the Board of Immigration Appeals

Print or Download Your Case Information

While the EOIR system does provide the current status of your case, the information shown on the screen at any given time may change. It’s a good idea to print or download PDF versions of important case information like hearing notices as a backup. That way you have a hard copy of the details for your records.

Check Both Your A-Number and Receipt Number

The EOIR system allows you to search for a case using either the Alien Registration Number (A-Number) or the Receipt Number. Check your case status using both numbers to ensure you see all updates and don’t miss any important information. The A-Number and Receipt Number are not always interchangeable when searching the EOIR system.

Contact EOIR If You Have Questions

If you check your case status and have additional questions or need clarification on any information shown, contact the EOIR automated telephone service or the immigration court directly. Speaking with an EOIR representative is the best way to get answers to your questions.

Following these tips will help ensure you get the full benefit and stay on top of updates from the EOIR automated case status system. Be actively engaged in your case—don’t just set it and forget it!

The Limitations of Relying on Automated Case Status Updates

While automated case status updates provide a convenient way to check on your immigration case status, there are some limitations to keep in mind. The information is very basic and does not provide the full, nuanced details of your case.

Lack of Context

The updates simply state the current status of your case, such as “Case Is Pending” or “Interview Was Scheduled”. They do not provide any context about next steps, timelines or explanations. For example, if your status changes to “Request for Evidence Was Sent”, the update will not specify what evidence was requested or how long you have to respond. You are left guessing or needing to contact an immigration attorney to determine the necessary next steps.

Potential Inaccuracies

Although the EOIR aims to provide the most up-to-date information, there is a possibility of delays in updating the system or errors in data entry. The status shown may not precisely reflect the current stage of processing. It is best to allow a few business days after receiving correspondence on your case before relying on the automated update.

Limited Access

Not all case types are included in the automated updates system. For example, asylum cases, appeals, and many employment-based petitions are not tracked. You will need to contact USCIS or the immigration court directly to receive status information on these case types.

While automated case status updates can be helpful as a broad overview, they should not be solely relied upon. For a full understanding of your case and next steps, it is best to maintain contact with your assigned immigration agency and legal counsel. They can walk you through the nuances, ensure no details were missed in the automated updates and provide guidance specific to your unique situation.

Other Ways to Check Your Immigration Case Status

Besides the phone and online case status check systems provided by EOIR, there are a couple other ways you can track what’s happening with your immigration case.

FOIA Request

You have the right to file a Freedom of Information Act or FOIA request to obtain records from federal government agencies, including EOIR and USCIS. Submitting a FOIA request for your immigration file, known as an A-file, will allow you to see documents related to your case, including notices sent to you that you may not have received, communications between government agencies discussing your case, and more. While FOIA requests can take months or even years to be fulfilled, it is a way to gain more insight into your case status and see behind the scenes.

Contact Your Representative

As a constituent, you have the right to contact your elected officials in Congress, such as your Senators and Representatives. Their offices may be able to inquire about the status of your case directly with EOIR or DHS on your behalf. Have your receipt number (also known as an A-number) handy when you contact them. They can also help put pressure on the immigration agencies to adjudicate your case in a timely manner if there are unwarranted delays.

Check Hearing Schedules

If your case involves an upcoming hearing, the immigration court hearing schedules are generally posted outside the courtrooms and also on the EOIR website. Search for your local immigration court to see the hearing schedules and calendars to determine if your case is listed. Some courts also list cases by the respondent’s name. While the schedules are subject to change, checking them regularly may give you an idea of when your hearing could be.

Hire an Attorney

An experienced immigration attorney will have resources and contacts within EOIR and DHS to actively monitor your case status and proceedings. They can register as the attorney of record on your case to receive notifications directly from the court. Although hiring an attorney does come at a cost, they can help ensure your case advances as quickly as possible and maximize your chances of achieving the outcome you desire.

EOIR Automated Case Status FAQs: Your Top Questions Answered

The Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) recently launched a new automated case status feature. This allows you to check the status of your immigration court case online 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. However, you probably have a few questions about how it works and what information it provides. Here are answers to some of the most common questions.

What information can I get from the automated case status service?

You can check things like:

  • Your next hearing date, time, and location
  • The current status of your case (for example, pending, continued, on calendar)
  • Your alien registration number (A-number)
  • The charges against you
  • Your attorney’s information (if you have representation)

How do I access my case status information?

You have a few options:

  1. Call the EOIR automated case information hotline at 1-800-898-7180. Select your language, then enter your A-number and year of birth to hear the status of your case.
  2. Visit the EOIR website and enter your A-number and year of birth. Your case status will be displayed on the screen.
  3. If you have an EOIR online account, log in and your case status information will automatically appear on your account homepage.

Will my information be secure?

Yes, the EOIR takes privacy and security seriously. Your information will be kept confidential according to the Privacy Act. Only individuals with a verified relationship to the case (like the respondent or attorney) may access the details of a particular case.

What if I have an emergency situation or need to speak with someone?

The automated case status feature provides basic information only. For emergency situations or if you need to speak with an EOIR representative, please call the immigration court handling your case directly during business hours. The phone number can be found on official correspondence from the court.

Hope this helps answer some of your important questions about the EOIR automated case status service. Let me know if you have any other questions!


So there you have it, folks. The EOIR automated case status system can be a useful tool for tracking your immigration case, but it’s not perfect. Take those status updates with a grain of salt, double check with your attorney if you have concerns, and don’t stress yourself out too much over every little change. This system was meant to increase transparency, not cause anxiety! As long as you stay on top of your case and work closely with your legal team, you’ll navigate this process just fine. Let the automated updates simply serve as helpful guideposts along the way.


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